Enhanced syndromic surveillance during the 9 th Indian Ocean Island Games, 2015

Pascal Vilain, Frédéric Pages, Guy Henrion, Xavier Combes, Marc Weber, Pierre-Jean Marianne Dit Cassou, Katia Mougin-Damour, Laurent Filleul

Abstract


ObjectiveTo describe how syndromic surveillance was enhanced to detecthealth events during the 9thIndian Ocean Island Games (IOIG) inReunion Island.IntroductionThe 9thIOIG took place in Reunion Island from July 31 to August9, 2015. This sport event gathered approximatively 1 640 athletes,2 000 volunteers and several thousand spectators from seven islands:Comoros, Madagascar, Maldives, Mauritius, Mayotte, Seychelles andReunion.In response to the import risk of infectious diseases from thesecountries where some of them are endemics, the syndromicsurveillance system, which captures 100% of all EmergencyDepartment visits, was enhanced in order to detect any health event.MethodsIn Reunion Island, syndromic surveillance system is based onOSCOUR® network (Organisation de la surveillance coordonnéedes urgences) that collects data from all emergency departments ofthe island. Data are daily transmitted to the French national publichealth agency then are available to the regional office. At the regionallevel, data are integrated into an application that allows the built ofpredefined syndromic groups according to the health risks related tomass gatherings (Table 1, parts 1 to 3) and complemented by specificsyndromic groups (table 1, part 4). Daily analyses with temporal[1] and spatial-temporal [2] algorithms were performed during thesurveillance period of July 27 to August 13, 2015. In addition to thismonitoring, ED physicians were requested to proactively tag Y33(ICD-10) as secondary diagnosis, each ED visits related to IOIG. Linelists were reviewed daily. Each day, an epidemiological report wassend to public health authorities.ResultsFrom July 31 to August 9, 2015, the activity of EDs was inaccordance with that expected. No health events were detected bythe syndromic surveillance system except for the syndrome “alcoholintoxication” for which consecutive signals were observed fromAugust 6 to 9, 2015. This increase occurs commonly at the beginningof each month (due to the social benefits payday) [3] nevertheless thisevent has probably been increased by IOIG (finals for team sportsand games closing ceremony). In total, 8 ED visits were tagged Y33as secondary diagnosis. In over half the cases, visits were related totrauma.ConclusionsThe syndromic surveillance system proved to be useful for thesurveillance of mass gathering events due to its capacity to detecthealth events but also to provide reassurance public health authorities[4]. As described in literature [5], few ED visits were tagged in relationto IOIG. Indeed, the tag of ED visits was implemented two weeksbefore the games, and given the shifts of ED physicians, some of themmay have not been informed. In the future, preparation meetings withphysicians will have to be planned several months before in order toimprove the response rate for mass gathering events.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5210/ojphi.v9i1.7765



Online Journal of Public Health Informatics * ISSN 1947-2579 * http://ojphi.org