Development and pilot study road traffic injury surveillance, Kaduna Nigeria

Obafemi J. Babalola

Abstract


ObjectiveWe pilot a RTI surveillance system using data from FRSC, Policemotor traffic division and Health facilities in Kaduna metropolis,Nigeria to ascertain its feasibility and generate data needed for actiontoward achieving sustainable development goals 3.6 target.IntroductionRoad Traffic Injury is common cause of unintentional injuryglobally and Low and middle income countries account for 90%of 1.3 million Road Traffic Injury (RTI) deaths. In Africa region,Nigeria accounts for 25% of RTI mortality but has no comprehensiveand reliable RTI surveillance system. Data from Federal RoadSafety Commissions (FRSC) shows gaps in RTI reporting with largedisparity with estimated value from World Health Organization.MethodsKaduna metropolis is the capital of Kaduna State with estimatedpopulation of 1.96 million. It is a major route between Abuja, theNational capital and 15 northern Nigeria states with high vehicularmovement. We adapted WHO Injury surveillance guideline andCenters for Disease Control and Prevention surveillance trainingmanual for this study. A case of RTI is any person injured or diedwithin 30 days as a result injuries incurred from vehicular collision ona public road in Kaduna Metropolis. Data collected using a pretestedquestionnaire for RTI cases at health facilities, Police and FRSC.Data were linked by deterministic method, cleaned and analysed.Frequency and proportion were calculated to characterize the RTI.The study was supported by a mini-grant from Center for DiseaseControl and Prevention.ResultsData was collected from February to April 2016. Of the 324crashes reported, 566 people injured and 66 deaths with case fatalityrate of 11.7%. Male gender accounts for 81.8% and age 20 – 39 yearswere 64.6%. Commercial drivers were 20.7%, pedestrian 21% andpassengers were 53.7%. Sixty percent of the crash occurred betweencars or buses while 21% were without collision with any vehicle orstationary objects. Of the 66 deaths reported 61(92.4%) died at crashsite. FRSC evacuated 21%, 38.6% were evacuated by other road users.No use of seat belt and crash helmets reported and only 5.1% receivedfirst aid care before reaching reporting facility. RTI Incidence peakedbetween 6:00 PM to 8:59 PM with 26 persons per hour.ConclusionsEssential to sustainable development goal 3, a multisectorRTI surveillance system that generate data for action in Kadunametropolis, Nigeria is feasible and data generated was used for actionat different levels to mitigate against the burden of RTI

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5210/ojphi.v9i1.7713



Online Journal of Public Health Informatics * ISSN 1947-2579 * http://ojphi.org