OJPHI: Vol. 5
Journal Information
Journal ID (publisher-id): OJPHI
ISSN: 1947-2579
Publisher: University of Illinois at Chicago Library
Article Information
©2013 the author(s)
open-access: This is an Open Access article. Authors own copyright of their articles appearing in the Online Journal of Public Health Informatics. Readers may copy articles without permission of the copyright owner(s), as long as the author and OJPHI are acknowledged in the copy and the copy is used for educational, not-for-profit purposes.
Electronic publication date: Day: 4 Month: 4 Year: 2013
collection publication date: Year: 2013
Volume: 5E-location ID: e198
Publisher Id: ojphi-05-198

National Collaborative for Bio-Preparedness
Meredith Arasaratnam*12
David Potenziani12
Marc Hoit31
Colleen Jenkins41
Charles Cairns21
1National Collaborative for Bio-Preparedness, Chapel Hill, NC, USA;
2University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA;
3North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA;
4SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA
*Meredith Arasaratnam, E-mail: arasarat@med.unc.edu

Abstract
Objective

Demonstrate the functionality of the National Collaborative for Bio-Preparedness system.

Introduction

The National Collaborative for Bio-Preparedness (NCB-Prepared) was established in 2010 to create a biosurveillance resource to enhance situational awareness and emergency preparedness. This joint-institutional effort has drawn on expertise from the University of North Carolina- Chapel Hill, North Carolina State University, and SAS Institute, leveraging North Carolina’s role as a leader in syndromic surveillance, technology development and health data standards. As an unprecedented public/private alliance, they bring the flexibility of the private sector to support the public sector. The project has developed a functioning prototype system for multiple states that will be scaled and made more robust for national adoption.

Methods

NCB-Prepared recognizes that the capability of any biosurveillance system is a function of the data is analyzes. NCB-Prepared is designed to provide information services that analyze and integrate national data across a variety of domains, such as human clinical, veterinary and physical data. In addition to this one-health approach to surveillance, a primary objective of NCB-Prepared is to gather data that is closer in time to the event of interest. NCB-Prepared has validated the usefulness of North Carolina emergency medical services data for the purposes of biosurveillance of both acute outbreaks and seasonal epidemics (1).

A unique model of user-driven valuing of data-providing value back to the provider in their terms-motivates collaboration from potential data providers, along with timely and complete data. NCB-Prepared approaches potential data providers, partners and users with the proposition that enhanced data quality and analysis is valuable to them individually and that an integrated information system can be valuable to all. With the onboarding of new data sources, NCB-Prepared implements a formal process of data discovery and integration. The goal of this process is three-fold: 1) to develop recommendations to enhance data quality going forward, 2) to integrate information across data sources, and 3) to develop novel analytic techniques for detecting health threats. NCB-Prepared is committed to both utilizing standard methods for event detection and to developing innovative analytics for biosurveillance such as the Text Analytics and Proportional charts method (TAP). The sophisticated analytic functionality of the system, including improved time to detection, query reporting, alert detection, forecasting and predictive modeling, can be attributed to collaboration between analysts from private industry, academia and public health.

NCB-Prepared followed the formal software development process known as agile development to create the user interface of the system. This method is based on iterative cycles wherein requirements evolve from regular sessions between user groups and developers. The result of agile development and collaborative relationships is a system which visualizes signals and diverse data sources across time and place while providing information services across all levels of users and stakeholders.

Conclusions

Lessons Learned:

  1. Understand the functionality of new biosurveillance system, NCB-Prepared
  2. Identify the benefit of creating collaborative relationships with data providers and users
  3. Appreciate the value of a public/private partnership for biosurveillance and bio-preparedness


References
Cairns C, Potenziani D, Hoit M, Jenkins C, Edgemon S. Novel approach to statewide biosurveillance using emergency medical services (EMS) informationEmerg Health Threats J 2011;4 4: [doi: 10.3402/ehtj.v4i0.11183] (abstract)

Article Categories:
  • ISDS 2012 Conference Abstracts

Keywords: Biosurveillance, Analytics, Preparedness, Emergency.




Online Journal of Public Health Informatics * ISSN 1947-2579 * http://ojphi.org